The medial malleolus is an anatomical region of the tibia bone, which is the larger of the two lower leg bones. You can feel this area as the bump on the inner side of your ankle joint. It bears 90% of the weight-bearing load, so this is a common fracture. Medial malleolar fractures involve the articular surface of the ankle joint, which is where the bones meet in the joint.
Jones fractures are caused by sudden force on the outside of the foot when twisted, usually with the heel off the ground. This can occur from overuse, playing sports, dancing, or a slip-and-fall accident.
The fifth metatarsal is the bone on the outside of the midfoot at the base of the small toe. The proximal end of the fifth metatarsal (proximal means closer to the center of the body) is easily felt as the bump over the outside part of the midfoot. This part of the fifth metatarsal bone is prone to injury.
Your healthcare provider will likely recommend exercises as part of your broken ankle recovery plan. This will include a variety of movements aimed at helping to restore your ankle strength, flexibility, range of motion, and stability so you can resume your normal activities quickly and safely.
Bunion surgery fixes a bony outgrowth at the base of the big toe. The growth is called a "bunion" or hallux valgus, and it forces the toe inward. Surgery for a bunion can involve cutting and realigning bone, repositioning muscles, tendons, and ligaments in the foot; and fusing or replacing a joint.